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Showing posts with label oDesk test answer. Show all posts
Showing posts with label oDesk test answer. Show all posts

Odesk Windows XP Test Answer


An Excel workbook saved in HTML format allows Internet or intranet users to have access to workbook data even if they do not have Excel installed
Ans: True

Once the chart is created, data can only be changed in a chart located in the same worksheet as the changed cells
Ans: False

Certain chart elements automatically inserted in a chart created by Chart Wizard include a chart legend, labels for the x-axis and y-axis, and a chart title
Ans: False

You can double-click a chart element to display the appropriate formatting dialog box.
Ans: True

Time in a cell in Excel is stored as a decimal fraction representing a portion of the day
Ans:True

The PMT function is used to calculate a loan payment based on a variable interest rate, payment, and the time period.
Ans: False

The gridlines that appear on your worksheet will print as displayed.
Ans: False

The FV function is used to calculate the future value of an investment based on a periodic constant payment and interest rate
Ans: True

If the text you entered into a cell does not fit, Excel will display ##### to indicate that the text is too long
Ans: True

By default, data in a cell is centered
Ans: False

When a new row is added into an Excel worksheet, by default, this row will be inserted just below the active cell.
Ans: True

To insert a row, click Insert and then Rows
Ans: True

The Split option causes the worksheet to be split into two window panes.
Ans: False

To select nonadjacent cells, columns, or rows, you must
Ans: hold down the Ctrl key while clicking column, row header, or specific cells

When copying selected cells to a new location, you must position the mouse pointer on any border around the selected cells until it turns into a(n)
Ans: arrow pointer

When data is linked, a change made in a linked cell is automatically made to other cells in the link.
Ans: True

Selected cells and cell contents can be moved or copied within a worksheet but not between worksheets.
Ans: False

What Function does the ‘Compare Side by Side With’ command on the window menu perform?
Ans: It allows you to scroll through two or more workbooks simultaneously

Which of the following functions would return a value of 8?
Ans: round(8.4999,0)

What will be the output of the function IF(ISNA(MODE(B1:B4)),0,MODE(B1:B4)) when it is applied to the data series given bellow?
Ans: 0

Which of the following date and time function will you use to return the serial number of the last day of the month before or after specified number of months?
Ans: EOMONTH

Which of the following shortcuts can be used to insert a new line in the same cell?
Ans: Alt+Enter

Which of the following function you will use to find the highest number in a series of numbers?
Ans: MAX(B1:B3)

Which of the following statements regarding the QUARTILE function is not true?
Ans: The function MEDIAN(array) and QUARTILEarray,2) will return different values when applied to the same array.

You have entered 4/6 as data in a cell without applying any formats to it. By default, Excel will treat this data entry as a:
Ans: Date

This question is based upon the figure shown below
What will be the value in the cell C2 as shown in the figure when we use formula = A2+B2?
Ans: 120

What is the quickest way to select all the columns on a worksheet?
Ans: Click on the gray rectangle on the upper left corner of the worksheet where the column headings and row headings meet

What does the NOW() function returns?
Ans: Returns the serial number of the current date and time

 You would like to restrict the values that can be entered into a cell so that only whole numbers between 1 and 100 can be entered. Which option in the menu allows you to accomplish this?
Ans: The setting tab under the menu Data->Validation

You start Microsoft Excel and you do not want it to automatically run a macro upon starting. What will you do?
Ans: Hold down the CTRL key during startup

How does the AutoComplete feature in Excel help you save time?
Ans: It automatically completes abbreviated words

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter Z?
Ans: It copies the formatting properties from one cell to another

How can you select all the blank cells in your worksheet?
Ans: This must be done manually as it is not automated through any built-in feature

The figure shows an Excel worksheet. If you want to F the row showing the months (row 1) and the column showing the products (column A), what should you do?
Ans: Select the cell A1 and click on Freeze Panes under the menu Window->Freeze Panes

The figure shows a view of the Drawing Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter X ?
Ans: It inserts a Diagram or Organization Chart in the worksheet

When using Document Workspaces, you cannot work directly on the Document Workspace copy, but you can work on your own copy which you can update periodically with changes that have been saved to the copy on the Document Workspace site.
Ans: TRUE

What will be the output of the function IF(ISNA(MODE(B1:B4)),0,MODE(B1:B4)) when it is applied to the data series given below?
Ans: #N/A

AutoFilter drop-downs are automatically added in the header row of a list when the list is created.
Ans: TRUE

Which toolbar is shown in the figure?
Ans: Forms toolbar

When you clear the contents from a cell, the formatting of the cell is also lost.
Ans: FALSE

When the AutoSum button is clicked, Excel first looks for a range of numbers above the active cell.
Ans: True

A relative cell reference changes when a formula is copied or moved to other locations.
Ans: True

If cell entries are changed, the formula will automatically recalculate the values and insert the result in the cell containing the formula.
Ans: True

The Merge button on the Formatting toolbar will merge selected cells and right align data within the cells.
Ans: False

To make the image taller or shorter, use the middle sizing handle at the left or right side of the image.
Ans: False

Which of the following is not a tab on the Chart Options dialog box?
Ans: Patterns

This chart is the default chart
Ans: Column Chart

Which of the following displays the contents of the active cell?
Ans: Formula bar

A worksheet is an individual page or tab in the workbook.
Ans: True

You can copy cell formats from one cell to another by using the
Ans: Format Painter

Donelp you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter Y
Ans: It adds up the values in the selected cells

You define a print area in your worksheet, but later you select a smaller range of cells to print and then click Selection under the menu File->Print->Print What->Selection. What will happen?
Ans: The selected area will be printed

By default, how is text horizontally aligned inside a cell in Excel?
Ans: Left aligned

When using the AutoFill handle to quickly fill a range of cells with the same or consecutive data, the cells need not be adjacent as long as they are within the same sheet.
Ans: False

This question is based upon the figure shown bellow
The figure shows an Excel worksheet. What does the read triangle in C2 signify?
Ans: There is a comment associated with the cell

You select the row headings 10, 11 and 12 and then choose the menu option Insert->Rows. What will happen?
Ans: 3 new rows will be inserted after row 9

A smart tag will be removed from a cell when……………….
Ans: The data in the cell is changed or deleted

The figure shows the AutoFit Selection menu option. What function does it perform?
Ans:  It automatically resizes the column height and width to the minimum necessary to fit the contents of the selected cell

You have created a worksheet which consists of confidential data. You want that these values, although present in the worksheet, should remain hidden and as a result the cells containing this data should appear blank in the worksheet. Which method will help you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

Which of the following Date and Time function you will use to return the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months?
Ans: DATEVALUE

You define a print area in your worksheet, but later you select a smaller range of cells to print and then click Selection under the menu File->Print->Selection. What will happen?
Ans: b

figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter 'Z'?
Ans: It copies the formatting properties from one cell to another

The multiplication arithmetic operator is represented by which of the following symbols
Ans: *

To apply page numbering to a worksheet page, which option in the Page Setup dialog box should you choose
Ans: Header/Footer

If a function is included in an argument within a function, it is called a
Ans: Nested Function

If you want row and column headings to print, which tab do you click from the Page Setup dialog box?
Ans: Header/Footer

A new workbook initially contains this many sheets
Ans: Three

You can change the size of an image by using the white sizing handles.
Ans: True

The question is based upon the figure shown
The figure shows a view of the standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button Marked by the letter Y?
Ans:  Its adds up the values in the selected cells

You have entered test in a cell which is too big for the cell. You want the text to appear in multiple lines inside the same cell. What will you do?
Ans:  Use the wrap txt option in the Format->Cells>Alignment Menu

Which of the following errors appears when an invalid argument is passed while converting a number from one number system to another system?
Ans:  #N/A

Suppose the value in cell A1 is John and B1 is Smith then which of the following function you will use to get John_Smith in Cell C1?
Ans:  = A1&”_”&B1

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter A
Ans: It is used to add a hyperlink

Which of the following options would be used if you need to insert a 77889867810070809 number in a cell?
Ans: Apply the Text Format to empty cells, and then type the numbers

Suppose the value in cell A1 is John and B1 is Smith then which of the following function you will use to get the John_Smith in C1 cell?
Ans: A_B

You can select the current row by pressing
Ans: Shift + Spacebar

A column is inserted immediately to the left of the column containing the active cell unless you choose otherwise
Ans: True

To delete a specific cell as well as the text within it, make the cell active and then
Ans: click Edit and then Delete

Which of the following is an absolute cell reference
Ans: $B3

How can you select all the blank cells in your worksheet?
Ans: Choose blank in the Edit->Go to->special Menu option

State Whether True or false.
Ans: True

This question is based upon the figure bellow
What does the purple triangle at the bottom right corner of the cell signify?
Ans: Smart Tag

You have created a worksheet which consists a confidential data. You want that these values, although present in the worksheet, should remain hidden and as a result the cells containing this data should appear blank in the worksheet. Which method will help you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

A document created in Excel is referred to as a
Ans: workbook

Use this handle to automatically insert the next month in the series, January:
Ans: Fill

Which of these operators are in the correct order of operations?
Ans: ^,*,-

To move the insertion point down to the next cell, press:
Ans: Enter

The cell range A3 through G3 should be keyed in as:
Ans: A3:G3

There is a better method to enable or disable services on your computer than using msconfig and hardware profiles. When using msconfig, you might disable some services that are necessary to boot the system. Which of the following should be used to enable or disable services.  
Ans: c.     Microsoft Management Console (MMC)  


What is the key combination to Quit a program through Task Manager that is not responding?
Ans: d.     Shift + Alt + Del

Windows XP tracks whatever files that load during every boot and application launches, and the operating system uses that information to prefetch files into RAM. These prefetch data are parsed into a file named __________ located in the Windows\Prefetch folder on the boot drive. Every three days, a limited defragmentation operation automatically occurs in the background during idle for only those files in that file to further speed up the computer's file access.
Ans: c.     Defrag.ini

Accelerator (hot) keys: Several menu commands, such as File, Edit, Table, or Tools, have one underlined letter as shown. The command associated with the underlined character can be Quickly executed if that character is entered on the keyboard immediately after the _____ key is pressed.
Ans: b.     Alt

An icon with an arrow in its lower-left corner, which can be clicked for quick access to the object it represents, is a(n):
Ans: b.     Folder (directory) icon

A common name given to the bitmapped desktop image (usually a picture) that serves as a background for the entire desktop is:
Ans: a.     Wallpaper

Which of the following statements about Windows XP features is/are correct?
Ans: b.     Windows XP offline files allows you to synchronize your files with your file server.

Which of the following is/are valid Window's file names?
Ans: a.     expert-rating

Which statement(s) about the Recycle Bin is/are correct?
Ans: c.     The Recycle Bin stores files for one month before permanently deleting them.

Which of the following statements about the file security levels while browsing is/are correct?
Ans: e.     All of the above

Which of the following would be a System Restore feature in Windows XP?
Ans: d.     It allows you to restore your computer to a previous state in case of a system problem.

How can you customize Advanced Start menu options in windows XP operating system.
Ans: b.     Right click on the Taskbar, choose Properties, click on Start Menu, and click the Customize button.

You can create and edit files using the Windows Notepad. What are the extensions of a file that has been created using Notepad?
Ans: b.     .text

What happens when you hold down the Windows button key and press the E key?
Ans: a.     It opens the Windows Explorer.

You are logged in as an administrator to the computers on your small local network and you want to change the names of those computers and the workgroup so that their names are more informative. One way to change the names would be to:
Ans: d.     Open the Performance and Maintenance control panel. Select the Computer Name tab and then click Change. Enter the desired name for the computer and click OK.

The _____________ is a large hidden file where Windows XP finds information about all of the hardware, software, and various settings and user options.
Ans: c.     Preferences

Which of the following activities can you accomplish with the Remote Desktop feature in Windows XP?
Ans: c.     You can view files and documents on your computer's desktop from a coworker's computer.

The hard-drive utility tool in Windows XP for automatically fixing file system errors or for searching for and attempted recovery of bad sectors is:
Ans: a.     CheckDisk (CHKDSK)

By hovering the mouse pointer over the clock, what happens?
Ans: b.     It will speak out the time through the speaker connected to the computer.

The left side of the Start menu contains two parts, separated by a thin horizontal line. The Windows XP term for manually inserting a shortcut to one of your chosen applications into the top part of the left side (by using the right-context menu of the application in Windows Explorer) is called:
Ans: d.     Porting an application to the Start menu.

Which of the following statements about Windows XP Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is/are true?
Ans: c.     Using ICS, a single computer can connect to more than one dial-up connection.

The older version of the Windows XP Desktop is called the "Windows Classic" look. One way to get the Windows Classic Desktop from the new default Windows XP Desktop is to:
Ans: a.     In the System control panel, select Properties from the View menu. Select the Desktop tab and click on the Desktop pull-down list and select Windows Classic. Click OK.

Starting with Windows 95, the File Manager tool for organizing and controlling the files and folders of the computer's storage systems, such as the hard drive(s) and disk drive(s) has been called:
Ans: c.     Windows Explorer

Windows XP includes a new type of view for folders that contain graphics files. This folder view is called _________ and displays small images of all the graphics in the folder in the bottom right-hand pane of Windows Explorer and a large image of a selected picture in the top right-hand pane.
Ans: d.     Filmstrip

What happens when you choose ClearType for your screen fonts in Windows XP?
Ans: b.     Only the text in primary colors will be visible.

Which of the following statements regarding Windows XP user access is/are correct?
Ans: d.     None of the above

With Windows XP, the default display resolution is 800x600 in 32-bit true color. With some computers 32-bit video tends to slow down screen redraws. How could you drop the screen depth to 16 bits instead of 32 bits in order to speed up the display in older PCs, especially laptops?
Ans: d.     In the Display Properties dialog box, on the Settings page, set the Color quality option to Medium (16 bits).

A new function of Windows XP that allows two or more users in a local network to use only one Internet connection by routing all the Internet traffic through one computer is called __________________.
Ans: b.     Windows Internet Sharing (WIS)

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the grouping of Windows tabs?
Ans: d.     There is no option to group tabs in Windows XP.

Microsoft makes available a tool called the _____________________ for checking computers with a Windows operating system. This tool helps remove infections left by third-party software installed on the computer and displays a report describing the outcome in a log file named mrt.log in the %WINDIR%\debug folder.
Ans:
    a.     Microsoft Reliability Tool
    c.     Microsoft Windows Antivirus Tool
    d.     Microsoft Recovery Tool

Windows XP usually retains copies of old drivers when newer versions of them are installed or upated. If the new drivers have problems, the user can return to the previous version. Does this new Windows XP feature work with printer drivers?
Ans: a.     Yes

Windows XP has a new user system. Its new user system:
Ans: a,c,d
    a.     Was inherited from Windows 98.
    c.     Was inherited from Windows NT/2000.
    d.     Was not inherited from any prior Windows O/S.

A new feature introduced in Windows XP that allows another user to log in and use the system without having to log out the previous user and Quit any running applications is known in Windows XP as:
Ans: c.     Fast user switching

The Windows XP installs its search function that, by default, has an animated dog character, Rover. Which of the following is/are true?
Ans: b.     Rover cannot be replaced by another character. It is a permanent feature.

What does the Desktop Cleanup Wizard do?
Ans: b.     It removes the desktop wallpaper.

Windows XP has several command-line utility tools for troubleshooting the computer. Suppose that your computer seems to have a problem with connecting to the Internet. Before reporting your connectivity problems to your ISP, which tool could you use to display the current TCP/IP network configuration values and to refresh the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Domain Name System (DNS) settings?
Ans: b.     Ipconfig

Which key combination would you use to flip between open windows?
Ans: a.     Alt + Shift

What type of icons are displayed in the system tray?
Ans: b.     Icons of programs developed by Microsoft.

Which of the following statements about icons on the desktop is correct?
Ans: b.     You can rename an icon by right-clicking the mouse button and selecting Rename.

With Windows XP, you cannot specify that files with certain file name extensions should always open in the same program.
Ans: a.     True

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS IS TRUE IF YOU OPEN AN EXISTING FILE, MAKE CHANGES TO IT, AND SAVE IT WITH A NEW NAME?
ANS.THE ORIGINAL FILE REMAINS UNCHANGED.

THE LEFT SIDE OF THE START MENU CONTAINS TWO PARTS, SEPARATED BY A THIN HORIZONTAL LINE. THE WINDOWS XP TERM FOR MANUALLY INSERTING A SHORTCUT TO ONE OF YOUR CHOSEN APPLICATIONS INTO THE TOP PART OF THE LEFT SIDE (BY USING THE RIGHT-CONTEXT MENU OF THE APPLICATION IN WINDOWS EXPLORER) IS CALLED:
ANS.ATTACHING AN APPLICATION TO THE START MENU.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FEATURES IS/ARE AVAILABLE IN WINDOWS XP?
 ANS:A,B,D
 A.A BUILT-IN CD BURNER
 B.WINDOWS MEDIA PLAYER
 D.INTERNET CONNECTION FIREWALL

THE MICROSOFT FILE FORMAT THAT CONTAINS THE BITMAPPED GRAPHICS AND METADATA FOR THE SKINS USED IN THE THREE PREINSTALLED WINDOWS XP VISUAL THEMES IS:
ANS..MSTHEMES

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT THE STAND BY OPTION WHILE SHUTTING DOWN YOUR COMPUTER IS/ARE CORRECT?
ANS.IT HELPS TO CONSERVE POWER BY SHUTTING OFF SOME HARDWARE, LIKE THE HARD DISK.

WHICH STATEMENT(S) ABOUT THE RECYCLE BIN IS/ARE CORRECT?
ANS.YOU CAN RESTORE ANY SELECTED FILES FROM THE RECYCLE BIN FOLDER BY

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT WINDOWS XP FEATURES IS/ARE CORRECT?
ANS:ABD
 A.WINDOWS XP CAN AUTOMATICALLY DOWNLOAD UPDATES.
 B.WINDOWS XP OFFLINE FILES ALLOWS YOU TO SYNCHRONIZE YOUR FILES WITH YOUR FILE SERVER.
 D.THERE IS A "SYSTEM RESTORE" FUNCTIONALITY WITHIN WINDOWS XP.

WHILE VIEWING FILE NAMES THROUGH THE WINDOWS EXPLORER, WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DRAG AND DROP A FILE NAMED LETTER1.TXT ON TOP OF ANOTHER FILE NAMED LETTER2.TXT LYING IN THE SAME FOLDER?
  ANS.NOTHING WILL HAPPEN.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPE OF OBJECTS CAN YOU SEARCH ON YOUR COMPUTER AND ON THE NETWORK, USING WINDOWS XP SEARCH COMPANION?
 ANS.ALL OF THE ABOVE

YOU CAN CREATE AND EDIT FILES USING THE WINDOWS NOTEPAD. WHAT IS THE EXTENSION OF A FILE THAT HAS BEEN CREATED USING NOTEPAD?
 ANS..TXT

MICROSOFT MAKES AVAILABLE A TOOL CALLED THE _____________________ FOR CHECKING COMPUTERS WITH A WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM. THIS TOOL HELPS REMOVE INFECTIONS LEFT BY THIRD-PARTY SOFTWARE INSTALLED ON THE COMPUTER AND DISPLAYS A REPORT DESCRIBING THE OUTCOME IN A LOG FILE NAMED MRT.LOG IN THE %WINDIR%\DEBUG FOLDER.
 ANS.MICROSOFT WINDOWS MALICIOUS SOFTWARE REMOVAL TOOL

WINDOWS XP INCLUDES A NEW TYPE OF VIEW FOR FOLDERS THAT CONTAIN GRAPHICS FILES. THIS FOLDER VIEW IS CALLED _________ AND DISPLAYS SMALL IMAGES OF ALL THE GRAPHICS IN THE FOLDER IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT-HAND PANE OF WINDOWS EXPLORER AND A LARGE IMAGE OF A SELECTED PICTURE IN THE TOP RIGHT-HAND PANE.
 ANS.GALLERY

YOU HAVE CREATED A DIRECTORY CALLED TEST THAT INCLUDES THE FILES TEST1.TXT, TEST2.TXT, TEST3.TXT, TEST4.TXT, TEST5.TXT, AND TEST6.TXT. HOW CAN YOU SELECT TEST2.TXT, TEXT3.TXT, AND TEST6.TXT FROM THE LIST OF FILES VISIBLE IN THE WINDOWS EXPLORER?
 ANS.PRESS CTRL AND CLICK ON THE THREE REQUIRED FILES, ONE BY ONE.

STATE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT IS TRUE OR FALSE.
WITH WINDOWS XP, YOU CANNOT SPECIFY THAT FILES WITH CERTAIN FILE NAME EXTENSIONS SHOULD ALWAYS OPEN IN THE SAME PROGRAM.
ANS.FALSE

WHAT SHOULD YOU TYPE ON THE COMMAND PROMPT TO RETURN BACK TO WINDOWS?
 ANS.EXIT

STARTING WITH WINDOWS 95, THE FILE MANAGER TOOL FOR ORGANIZING AND CONTROLLING THE FILES AND FOLDERS OF THE COMPUTER'S STORAGE SYSTEMS, SUCH AS THE HARD DRIVE(S) AND DISK DRIVE(S) HAS BEEN CALLED:
 ANS.WINDOWS EXPLORER

WINDOWS TA:WINDOWS XP HAS SEVERAL COMMAND-LINE UTILITY TOOLS FOR TROUBLESHOOTING THE COMPUTER. SUPPOSE THAT YOUR COMPUTER SEEMS TO HAVE A PROBLEM WITH CONNECTING TO THE INTERNET. BEFORE REPORTING YOUR CONNECTIVITY PROBLEMS TO YOUR ISP, WHICH TOOL COULD YOU USE TO DISPLAY THE CURRENT TCP/IP NETWORK CONFIGURATION VALUES AND TO REFRESH THE DYNAMIC HOST CONFIGURATION PROTOCOL (DHCP) AND DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM (DNS) SETTINGS?
 ANS.TRACERT

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES CAN YOU ACCOMPLISH WITH THE REMOTE DESKTOP FEATURE IN WINDOWS XP?
 ANS.YOU CAN VIEW FILES AND DOCUMENTS ON ANY COMPUTER'S DESKTOP FROM YOUR COMPUTER.

WINDOWS XP TRACKS WHATEVER FILES THAT LOAD DURING EVERY BOOT AND APPLICATION LAUNCHES, AND THE OPERATING SYSTEM USES THAT INFORMATION TO PREFETCH FILES INTO RAM. THESE PREFETCH DATA ARE PARSED INTO A FILE NAMED __________ LOCATED IN THE WINDOWS\PREFETCH FOLDER ON THE BOOT DRIVE. EVERY THREE DAYS, A LIMITED DEFRAGMENTATION OPERATION AUTOMATICALLY OCCURS IN THE BACKGROUND DURING IDLE FOR ONLY THOSE FILES IN THAT FILE TO FURTHER SPEED UP THE COMPUTER'S FILE ACCESS.
ANS.PREFETCH.SYS 

Odesk Content Writing Test Answer


Dr. Jones’s office, Doctor at sea, Doctor come quickly
Ans: c

Which of the following are considered bad manners while greeting a business visitor to your office
Ans: e) all of the above

which of the following file formats relate to a graphic file or scannedimage file?
Ans: e) a and d

What are the dimensions of an A4 size sheet of paper
Ans: d) 210 mm x 297 mm

Traditionally, approximately how many pages should a business CV or resume have?
Ans: a) 1-3, preferably 2

Which of the following are commonly used computer web browser
Ans: c) Chrome, Explorer, Firefox,

When reply to an e-mail, who do you place in the cc: and who in the bcc:line?
Ans: c) A person you wish to openly inform goes in the cc: line,
and the personyou wish to read the e-mail, but without knowledge
of either the recipient or the person in the cc: line, goes in the bcc: line.

What is very important to remember to do when entering an office business meeting
at any level, especially when clients are there?
Ans: e) a and c

There are 20 new PC’s in the account department. Should there be anapostrophe in PC’s?
Ans: a) No

What does the abbreviation CEO stand for
Ans: e) Chief Executive Officer

When a client visits the office and arrives early what do office etiquette require you to
do to handle the situation?
Ans: d) All of the above.

What does the CTRL+V shortcut accomplish in Word 2000?
Ans: b) it pastes the text that

You send a package through FEDEX to a client in Korea. The client calls up after a few days and says that he has not received it. What is the best way to immediately let the client know the status of a courier?
Ans: d) Track the packet on the FEDEX website and send the client a copy of thecurrent status of packet.

What is flexi-time
Ans: b) The flexible use of personal office hours, such as working an hour earlier one day,
in order to leave an hour earlier another day

What does the glass ceiling refer to in a business context?
Ans: c) The upper level of senior management or company execution positions
which is traditionally hard to break through, for example, for women and/or minorities.

What is the best way to handle an angry colleague or client with acomplaint?
Ans: a) listen to their concerns, and calmly but firmly explain what you are able todo,
offering other solutions and oppositions without getting angry in turn.

What are the traditional office hours in the Western world, now muchmore flexible, though still adhered to in most office?
Ans: a) 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.

What common injury can result from too much concentration typingover too little amount of time?
Ans: d) Repetitive strain injury

What does administration generally handle in an office environment?
Ans: c) The efficient day-to-day running of the office, with regards to companyfiles, communication, management of jobs such as overseeing hiring andfiring and human resources, etc.

What is the benefit of e-mailing documents rather than always providinghard copies to individuals?
Ans: d) b and c

What is the difference between Microsoft Access and Microsoft Excel?
Ans: b) Access is mainly for database and Excel is for spreadsheets

What is the person in charge of administering an office commonly called?
Ans: d) CEO

Which of the following activities could possibly infect your computer with virus?
Ans: a) Installing pirate software from a CD
Is it a good idea to have two blogs with the same content to try and increase traffic?
Answer: Yes, two blogs, even with the same content, will most likely double your traffic on the web

If you're writing an article about applying for admission to graduate courses in universities, your target audience is likely to be _________.
Answer: a range of readers who are thinking of applying for admission to a graduate school.

What are "Google alerts"?
Answer: A system where Google e-mails you the results of your pre-arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir your thoughts about writing blog content

What is "fair use" in terms of using someone else's copyright online?
Answer: A system where copyright is exchanged between the original owner and the blogger who co-opts it

What is "autocasting"?
Answer: An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers (and blog readers) to create audio versions of text-only blogs using RSS feeds

Which is the correct order for finding your target audience and selling goods or services to it?
Answer: Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales, identify their interest in your product

What are "blooks"?
Answer: All of the above

When writing an article about safety and light bulbs, which of the following is likely to be your target audience?
Answer: Ordinary people involved in home improvement

If you're writing an article about the automotive industry, which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?
Answer: Adding internal links within your blog that cross-reference the article

What is the term used for "the number of times the keyword is used divided by the total word count on the page"?
Answer: Density of syllables

What are "stop words"?
Answer: Words that are banned on the blogosphere by the blog police

What is the "useful but incomplete" approach in terms of promoting your product in an online article or so-called e-zine?
Answer: Making the article useful but leaving it incomplete so the market is enticed but has to follow your link to learn more

In sourcing information, you may use materials not subject to copyright such as names, common symbols, lists of ingredients, short phrases, slogans, slang, titles etc.
Answer: False

What is an "open thread"?
Answer: A thread that has closed links
What are "FAQs"?
Answer: All of the above

Which of the following is the term used for the collective blogging intelligentsia, namely the most influential bloggers online by page rank owing to their high traffic count?
Answer: Hoi polloi

How long does an author's copyright – whether in print or online - last?
Answer: For 40 years after he/she dies

What is "blogosphere"?
Answer: Blog companies that group together and buy smaller blogs

What is 'placing of keywords in the important parts of a webpage so that search engines may give them priority' called?
Answer: Keyword prominence

What will happen if you type the words "sport-basketball" in the Google search box?
Answer: Google will find the web pages about "sport" that do not contain the word "basketball"

What is "podcasting"?
Answer: Mass e-mailing for marketing purposes to promote several blogs at the same time
Search engines will return different results depending on the word order of the search terms.

What is an "affiliate business program"?
Answer: Signing up to be a business partner with another online company to promote each other's interests and thereby reaching a larger market

It's a good idea to create identical content on multiple blogs as this can increase web traffic and get higher listings in search engines.
Answer: a.     True
Answer: b.     False

Which of the following is most likely to guarantee the content on your blog is professional, subject-appropriate and grammatically correct?
Answer: Reading it through before posting

There's little need to copy text before trying to publish it to the web because you rarely lose the text at the time of publication.
Answer: True

If you own a copyright on your own works, you can license your work for reproduction and publication around the world according to place and length of time.
 Answer: False

What distinguishes a blog from a website?
Answer: Contact details

What is "misinformation"?
Answer: Mr. Information

If your website sells golf equipment, your promotional articles should be written about _________ .
Answer: the best clubs to use at certain times

What is the difference between a "patent" and a "trademark"?
Answer: Patents and trademarks are the same; it is copyright that is different

Which of the following features will increase the likelihood of a reader staying longer on your blog?
Answer: Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new site

What is an "anonoblog"?
Answer: A blog written and maintained by an anonymous author, often under a pseudonym or pen name

What is the reference list to other works placed at the end of an article called?
Answer: Original material

What does "'ping' your blog" mean?
Answer: An alert that notifies the original poster of a post when someone else writes an entry concerning the original post

What is a "tag"?
Answer: A language element, such as a word, often used in blogs to identify the type or types of content that makes up a particular post

Which of the following are good ways of protecting your online content?
Answer: Searching for the plagiarists of your content

Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because ___________ .
Answer: All of the above

What is a "plagiarism warning banner?"
Answer: A banner you place on your site or blog to deter potential plagiarists

Why is it damaging to have disfunctioning or non-functioning(dead)links on your website?
Answer: You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so
What Function does the ‘Compare Side by Side With’ command on the window menu perform?
Ans: It allows you to scroll through two or more workbooks simultaneously

Which of the following functions would return a value of 8?
Ans: round(8.4999,0)

What will be the output of the function IF(ISNA(MODE(B1:B4)),0,MODE(B1:B4)) when it is applied to the data series given bellow?
B1:27
B2:22
B3:28
B4:21
Ans: 0

How can you select all the blank cells in your worksheet?
Ans: Choose blank in the Edit->Go to->special Menu option
The question is based upon the figure shown

The figure shows a view of the standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button Marked by the letter Y?
Ans:  Its adds up the values in the selected cells

You have entered test in a cell which is too big for the cell. You want the text to appear in multiple lines inside the same cell. What will you do?
Ans:  Use the wrap txt option in the Format->Cells>Alignment Menu

Which of the following errors appears when an invalid argument is passed while converting a number from one number system to another system?
Ans:  #N/A

Suppose the value in cell A1 is John and B1 is Smith then which of the following function you will use to get John_Smith in Cell C1?
Ans:  = A1&”_”&B1

Which of the following date and time function will you use to return the serial number of the last day of the month before or after specified number of months?
Ans: EOMONTH

Which of the following shortcuts can be used to insert a new line in the same cell?
Ans: Alt+Enter

Which of the following function you will use to find the highest number in a series of numbers?
Ans: MAX(B1:B3)

State Whether True or false.
Ans: True

This question is based upon the figure bellow
What does the purple triangle at the bottom right corner of the cell signify?
Ans: Smart Tag

You have created a worksheet which consists a confidential data. You want that these values, although present in the worksheet, should remain hidden and as a result the cells containing this data should appear blank in the worksheet. Which method will help you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

This question is based upon the figure shown bellow
The figure shows an Excel worksheet. What does the read triangle in C2 signify?
Ans: There is a comment associated with the cell

You select the row headings 10, 11 and 12 and then choose the menu option Insert->Rows. What will happen?
Ans: 3 new rows will be inserted after row 9

The figure shows the calculation tab under the Tools->options menu. The option under Calculation has been checked as Automatic. What does this mean?
Ans:

Which of the following statements regarding the QUARTILE function is not true?
Ans: The function MEDIAN(array) and QUARTILEarray,2) will return different values when applied to the same array.

You have entered 4/6 as data in a cell without applying any formats to it. By default, Excel will treat this data entry as a:
Ans: Date

This question is based upon the figure shown below
What will be the value in the cell C2 as shown in the figure when we use formula = A2+B2?
Ans: 120

What is the quickest way to select all the columns on a worksheet?
Ans: Click on the gray rectangle on the upper left corner of the worksheet where the column headings and row headings meet

What does the NOW() function returns?
Ans: Returns the serial number of the current date and time

A smart tag will be removed from a cell when……………….
Ans: The data in the cell is changed or deleted

You would like to restrict the values that can be entered into a cell so that only whole numbers between 1 and 100 can be entered. Which option in the menu allows you to accomplish this?
Ans: The setting tab under the menu Data->Validation

What should you add before a fraction to avoid it as a date, e.g.1/3, in Excel?
Ans:

You start Microsoft Excel and you do not want it to automatically run a macro upon starting. What will you do?
Ans: Hold down the CTRL key during startup

How does the AutoComplete feature in Excel help you save time?
Ans: It automatically completes abbreviated words

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter Z?
Ans: It copies the formatting properties from one cell to another

The figure shows the AutoFit Selection menu option. What function does it perform?
Ans: : It automatically resizes the column height and width to the minimum necessary to fit the contents of the selected cell

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter A
Ans: It is used to add a hyperlink

Which of the following options would be used if you need to insert a 77889867810070809 number in a cell?
Ans: Apply the Text Format to empty cells, and then type the numbers

What is the quickest way to select all the columns on a worksheet?
Ans: Click on the gray rectangle on the upper left corner of the worksheet where the column headings and row headings meet

Suppose the value in cell A1 is John and B1 is Smith then which of the following function you will use to get the John_Smith in C1 cell?
Ans: A_B

How can you select all the blank cells in your worksheet?
Ans: This must be done manually as it is not automated through any built-in feature

The figure shows an Excel worksheet. If you want to F the row showing the months (row 1) and the column showing the products (column A), what should you do?
Ans: Select the cell A1 and click on Freeze Panes under the menu Window->Freeze Panes

Which of the following functions would return a value of 8?
Ans: b and c

You select the row headings 10, 11 and 12 and then choose the menu option Insert->Rows. What will happen?
Ans: 3 new rows will be inserted after row 9

The figure shows a view of the Drawing Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter X ?
Ans: It inserts a Diagram or Organization Chart in the worksheet

When using Document Workspaces, you cannot work directly on the Document Workspace copy, but you can work on your own copy which you can update periodically with changes that have been saved to the copy on the Document Workspace site.
Ans: TRUE

You have created a worksheet which consists of confidential data. You want that these values, although present in the worksheet, should remain hidden and as a result the cells containing this data should appear blank in the worksheet. Which method will help you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

Which of the following Date and Time function you will use to return the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months?
Ans: DATEVALUE

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter Y?
Ans: It adds up the values in the selected cells

Which of the following errors appears when an invalid argument is passed while converting a number from one number system to another system?
Ans: #N/A

Which of the following function you will use to find the highest number in a series of numbers?
Ans: MAX(B1:B3)

You have entered 4/6 as data in a cell without applying any formats to it. By default, Excel will treat this data entry as a:
Ans: Date]

What will be the output of the function IF(ISNA(MODE(B1:B4)),0,MODE(B1:B4)) when it is applied to the data series given below?
Ans: #N/A

AutoFilter drop-downs are automatically added in the header row of a list when the list is created.
Ans: TRUE

What does the NOW() function returns?
Ans: Returns the serial number of the current date and time

Which toolbar is shown in the figure?
Ans: Forms toolbar

When you clear the contents from a cell, the formatting of the cell is also lost.
Ans: FALSE

You define a print area in your worksheet, but later you select a smaller range of cells to print and then click Selection under the menu File->Print->Selection. What will happen?
Ans: b

figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter ‘Z’?
Ans: It copies the formatting properties from one cell to another

The multiplication arithmetic operator is represented by which of the following symbols
Ans: *

You can select the current row by pressing
Ans: Shift + Spacebar

Donelp you do this?
Ans: Select the cells, open the Window menu and click on Hide

The figure shows a view of the Standard Toolbar. What function is performed by the button marked by the letter Y
Ans: It adds up the values in the selected cells

You define a print area in your worksheet, but later you select a smaller range of cells to print and then click Selection under the menu File->Print->Print What->Selection. What will happen?
Ans: The selected area will be printed

By default, how is text horizontally aligned inside a cell in Excel?
Ans: Left aligned

When using the AutoFill handle to quickly fill a range of cells with the same or consecutive data, the cells need not be adjacent as long as they are within the same sheet.
Ans: False

When the AutoSum button is clicked, Excel first looks for a range of numbers above the active cell.
Ans: True

A relative cell reference changes when a formula is copied or moved to other locations.
Ans: True

If cell entries are changed, the formula will automatically recalculate the values and insert the result in the cell containing the formula.
Ans: True

The Merge button on the Formatting toolbar will merge selected cells and right align data within the cells.
Ans: False

To move the insertion point down to the next cell, press:
Ans: Enter

The cell range A3 through G3 should be keyed in as:
Ans: A3:G3

A document created in Excel is referred to as a
Ans: workbook

Use this handle to automatically insert the next month in the series, January:
Ans: Fill

Which of these operators are in the correct order of operations?
Ans: ^,*,-

If the text you entered into a cell does not fit, Excel will display ##### to indicate that the text is too long
Ans: True

By default, data in a cell is centered
Ans: False

When a new row is added into an Excel worksheet, by default, this row will be inserted just below the active cell.
Ans: True

To insert a row, click Insert and then Rows
Ans: True

The Split option causes the worksheet to be split into two window panes.
Ans: False

A column is inserted immediately to the left of the column containing the active cell unless you choose otherwise
Ans: True

To delete a specific cell as well as the text within it, make the cell active and then
Ans: click Edit and then Delete

Which of the following is an absolute cell reference
Ans: $B3

To select nonadjacent cells, columns, or rows, you must
Ans: hold down the Ctrl key while clicking column, row header, or specific cells

When copying selected cells to a new location, you must position the mouse pointer on any border around the selected cells until it turns into a(n)
Ans: arrow pointer

When data is linked, a change made in a linked cell is automatically made to other cells in the link.
Ans: True

Selected cells and cell contents can be moved or copied within a worksheet but not between worksheets.
Ans: False

Time in a cell in Excel is stored as a decimal fraction representing a portion of the day
Ans:True

The PMT function is used to calculate a loan payment based on a variable interest rate, payment, and the time period.
Ans: False

The gridlines that appear on your worksheet will print as displayed.
Ans: False

The FV function is used to calculate the future value of an investment based on a periodic constant payment and interest rate
Ans: True

To apply page numbering to a worksheet page, which option in the Page Setup dialog box should you choose
Ans: Header/Footer

If a function is included in an argument within a function, it is called a
Ans: Nested Function

If you want row and column headings to print, which tab do you click from the Page Setup dialog box?
Ans: Header/Footer

A new workbook initially contains this many sheets
Ans: Three

An Excel workbook saved in HTML format allows Internet or intranet users to have access to workbook data even if they do not have Excel installed
Ans: True

Once the chart is created, data can only be changed in a chart located in the same worksheet as the changed cells
Ans: False

Certain chart elements automatically inserted in a chart created by Chart Wizard include a chart legend, labels for the x-axis and y-axis, and a chart title
Ans: False

You can double-click a chart element to display the appropriate formatting dialog box.
Ans: True

You can change the size of an image by using the white sizing handles.
Ans: True

To make the image taller or shorter, use the middle sizing handle at the left or right side of the image.
Ans: False

Which of the following is not a tab on the Chart Options dialog box?
Ans: Patterns

This chart is the default chart
Ans: Column Chart

Which of the following displays the contents of the active cell?
Ans: Formula bar

A worksheet is an individual page or tab in the workbook.
Ans: True

You can copy cell formats from one cell to another by using the
Ans: Format Painter
Why would a company possibly want so spend more on PPC early on?
Ans: to drive traffic to their site and increase awarensess

Why is affiliate marketing a fovorable form of marketing
Ans: it gurantees increased sales

What is meant by “niche marketing”
Ans: targeting a broad based group of people

How can a poducast be used to brive customers to a website
Ans: by telling the listeners that they need your product

What is cost per coustomer acquisition
Ans: the amount a company pays a customer to try their product

How can supplemental materials be delivered to the poducast listener
Ans: the istener must pay for any additional materials

What is a value proposition
Ans: the pricing of the product

How important is content on a site when optimizing it
Ans: it is the only thing which creates a higher ranking in search engines

Which of the following would not be effective in headline writing
Ans: using small words which take up space and do not add value

What should a company do once it achieves its search engine ranking goals
Ans: sell advertising on their site

Way would a firm employ guerrilla web marketing
Ans: it gives the firm more control over its marketing budet

What is meant by “whit hat”
Ans: When marketers show up for work wearing white hats

Why are purchased email lists typically ineffective
Ans: they make up fake email to sell

Why has web marketing become a popular form of marketing
Ans:it has been heavily advertised

What is one unfavourable trait sometimes seen in affiliate marketing
Ans: it brings additional traffic to a site

If marketing is relatively easy to do online
Ans: Hired experts can drive the best results of campaigns and help guide the company in its marketing

What is a secondary reason to actively maintain a company blog. Besides giving potential customers something to read
Ans: it impresses clients

What is the purpose of a traditional press release
Ans: it target markets to internet users

What is the purpose of sending a monthly newsletter
Ans: it gives people a chance to opt out of ever talking to your company again

What is meant by guerrilla marketing
Ans: Using resources such as time, energy and imagination rather than money to market

What is an auto-responder
Ans: a method of direction communication with clients

Why si it important to fine tune the timing of the ad and keywords used
Ans: to carefully target the customer base desired, not wasting impressions and clicks

What is the “active voice” style of writing ads
Ans: writing in the third person

What is double opt in process
Ans: someone must ask to be on your email list. And then verity by clicking a link they want to be on it

How do listeners decide what is a worthwhile podcast to continually listen to
Ans: having several hosts and a myriad of topics

Why is the subject line of any email compaingn important
Ans: it is all the receiver sees besides the email address until they open the email

How is “open rat” important
Ans: it lets the company know how many people bought a product

Why are affiliates not the same as having a sales force
Ans: The affiliates have limited availability

How is the pricing model of a click determined
Ans: google sets the price worldwide

What is the formula for calculating cost per customer acquisition
Ans: total marketing budget for aspecific period divided by the number of new customers for that same period

How much woulad a company pay for the given example: ad displays 20 times. 2 users click the ad. Cost per click is 5 cents
Ans: 10 cents

What is “cost per action ”
Ans: a payment agreement where a specific action creates a payable event for the affiliate. Such as a click a purchase. Number of page views

What is an “impression”
Ans: when an ad is cliced on

Which of the following is valuable in increasing a page rank
Ans: quantity of links from other highly ranked pages to your site

What is meant by”web 2.0”
Ans: internet companies who focus on retail sales

What is affiliate marketing
Ans: when a 3rd party helps market your business. And in turn your pay them a commission based on sales as aresult of their efforts

Which of the following are podcasts least likely to target
Ans: sales
Why is it sometimes important not to leave out the message thread, i.e. the previous messages in the e-mail chain?
Ans: To increase comprehension of the latest message, and show the history of messages that led up to this point in the exchange.

What is the best way to treat ‘spam’ or unsolicited e-mails?
Ans: All of the above

Why is it important to be careful with formatting when sending an e-mail message?
Ans: Because the recipient may not be able to read certain fonts or formats on his or her computer.

Why should you not type in all caps when writing an email?
Ans: Because it is considered ‘yelling’.

What does it mean to ‘respect somebody else’s bandwidth’?
Ans: To be conscious of how much storage space you are controlling in any given communication, since everyone only has limited space.

Which of the following is the best description of an ‘internet troll’?
Ans: Someone who participates in a message board or chat with the intention to disrupt it in some way.

Which of the following best reflects a so-called ‘Golden Rule’ of netiquette?
Ans: Remember the human (remember that a real person is receiving the message).

What is the purpose of icon-emotions or so-called ‘emoticons’ in email communication?
Ans: They are meant for fun and entertainment value.

What is the most important aspect of writing content for a blog, either as a main posting or as a comment on someone else’s blog?
Ans: Always make your posts accurate and truthful (as well as entertaining) especially if they reflect on your reputation as someone with an online presence

On a social networking site, which of the following is important to consider — in a personal way – when uploading photographs?
Ans: Consider the feelings and reputation of the person whose image you are uploading, especially if the image is compromising in some way.

What does ‘spamming’ mean, and is it good or bad netiquette?
Ans: Sending unsolicited e-mails or communications to people online (bad netiquette).

When writing an email, it is generally a good idea for your paragraphs to be _____.
Ans: Short

Which of the following is a good statement about time delays between e-mail exchanges?
Ans: Always reply within 24 hours, and expect the same from someone else.

What is a very useful last thing to do before sending out any e-mail?
Ans: Read the e-mail through for spelling and grammatical errors, to simplify the message if possible, and to check the recipient’s e-mail address.

What should you do if you do not want to type your name at the end of every email you send?
Ans: Create a signature that will get automatically attached to every email you send

What are vCards and why are they sometimes distracting or difficult for the recipient?
Ans: vCards are electronic business cards, but they often take the form of an e-mail attachment, therefore making every e-mail look like it has an attachment.

Which of the following are important differences between face-to-face meetings and online information?
Ans: Your face cannot be seen, so it is harder to convey your thoughts and easier to be misunderstood online.

Why is it always good to use proper grammar and correct spelling in Internetpostings like message boards?
Ans: Good grammar and spelling keep ambiguity to a minimum, thereby communicating the message more clearly.

What does ‘flaming’ or ‘to flame’ mean in the online world?
Ans: Flaming means delivering a strongly held opinion without holding back any emotion, often offending the person who is ‘flamed’.

How often is it sensible to use ‘reply all’ when replying to an e-mail ?
Ans: Only if the information is really relevant to everyone on the list, otherwise keep ‘reply all’ to a minimum.

Which of the following is the best response to sending a message that you didn’t intend to send, or sent to the wrong recipient?
Ans: Send a follow-up message explaining that the previous message was a mistake, with brief apology and explaining that the message can be ignored.

What do the abbreviations ‘FWIW’ and ‘FYI’ stand for?
Ans: For What It’s Worth, For Your Information

Which of the following are good tips for creating an impressive webpage?
Ans: All of the above

A common online symbol, what is the correct ‘emoticon’ for
Ans: regular ‘smiley face’ from the list below?

How would you abbreviate ‘Be Seeing You’ in email jargon?
Ans BCNU

What is the correct way to address someone online, if you are unsure of how he or she would like to be addressed?
Ans: Use their last name, such as Mr. Jones or Ms. Jones.

What is the better solution than using bold or italic to emphasize meaning when e-mailing or posting online?
Ans: Use carefully chosen words and phrases, so that the meaning is clear and not ambiguous and unlikely to cause misunderstandings.

When sending an e-mail, why is it a good idea to try and use the cc: field sparingly?
Ans: Unless the recipient in the cc: field knows why they are receiving a copy of the message, he or she may not act on the message, but assume it is really only for the main recipient.

What is a business ‘welcome page’ and how can it be useful?
Ans: It can give an impression of professionalism, as well as introduce the company brand, logo and overall interests.

What does ‘scrolling the chat screen’ in an Internet chat room mean, and is it good or bad netiquette?
Ans: Posting multiple, often single letter postings so the chat screen scrolls very fast for all users (bad netiquette).

What does it mean when you type an e-mail in all capitals?
Ans: The effect is that you are shouting

Which of the following is the best technique for sending a large e-mail attachment?
Ans: Try and break it up into several smaller downloads, or ‘zip’ the file if possible.

What does ‘HTH’ mean in an email or on a message board?
Ans: Hope this helps

What does the phrase ‘lurk before you leap’ commonly mean on Internet sites?
Ans: That you should familiarize yourself with a website’s contents — its purpose, its FAQ, its community — before making

Which of the following could be considered as not being ‘virtual events,’ so you may wish to respond using a more direct reply or regular mail?
Ans: A local prize draw.

Which of the following are good tips for creating an impressive webpage?
Ans: All of the above

Why is it always good to use proper grammar and correct spelling in Internet postings like message boards?
Ans: Good grammar and spelling keep ambiguity to a minimum, thereby communicating the message more clearly.

What should you do if you do not want to type your name at the end of every email you send?
Ans: Create a signature that will get automatically attached to every email you send

Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.  _______ is the name of the opera, and ______ role did you say Maria would pay?
Ans: c (what, which)

Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.  Ans: a (No, because by the time I got there all the tickets had already been sold.)

Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.  It’s never too late to learn how to swim ______ you may fall off a boat!
Ans: b (you never know when)

Choose the series of verbs and phrases that best completes the following passage.  This dish ______ too spicy. Why _______ so much pepper?
Ans: e (a and c)

Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.  With can’t phone, on whenever always to the time spend I speak I my friend, him
 Ans: e (Whenever I can’t spend time with my friend. I always speak to him on the phone.

Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.  Did you hear the weather report for tomorrow?
 Ans: b (No, I wasn't listening to the radio.)

Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentence.  Victor, who stole ______ ideas and used them to make ______ a millionaire, never once offered ______ a word of thanks.
Ans: d (our, himself, us)

Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?
 Ans: e (All of the above)

Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentences.  While ______ of our relatives live on the _______ hill in the country, ______of our friends live in the ________ area of the valley.
Ans: c (many, windiest, most, protected)

Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.  Knowing that February was the ______ month of the year, Cheryl planned her vacation ________.
 Ans: b (shortest, accordingly)

Choose the phrase that best completes the sentence below without creating a run-on sentence.  Mr. Peach has sent his four children to ivy league colleges _______ he has sacrificed his health working day and night dusty factory.
 Ans: b (; however)

Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentences.  I think Pamela deserves to be punished for her _______ stupid and ______ behavior.
Ans: c (total, irresponsible)

Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentences.  If Harry  ________ to the party too early, don’t let him in; he ________ outside like everyone else.
Ans: a (gets, will have to wait)

Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of parallel construction?  Ans: b (Although Tommy was failing his biology class at college, he was passing his chemistry class)  Q: Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of apostrophes?
Ans: a (Helga borrowed her friend’s skates for the day; however, she failed to return them.)

Change the following sentences from a question to indirect speech.  “I will be moving soon.” said Alma
Ans: d (Alma says she would move soon.)

Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentences.  Alison regrets _______ you with her remarks; she never meant ______ so.
Ans: b (to hurt, to do)

Choose the series of pronouns that best completes the following sentences.  Don’t ______ think Larry should call ________ wife if _______ is going to be late for dinner?
Ans: a (you, his, he)

Which of the following sentences illustrates correct pronoun usage?
Ans: e (None of the above)

Complete the following sentences by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the option given.  Only after they had completed an exhaustive study  ________ how to adapt the technology to the needs of our company.
Ans: c (they did begin to understand)

Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentence.  days . for last has good weather few The been the not
Ans: d (The weather has not been good for the last few days)

Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.  I placed my notes ______ my desk and referred to them ______ the meeting.
 Ans: b (beside, during)

Which of the following sentences illustrates correct pronoun usage?
Ans: e (all of the above)

Which of the following sentences illustrates proper sentence structure?
Ans: d (The queen had hardly finished her speech when the people began to disperse.

Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?
Ans: d (“Come here,” she said, “and let me get a good look at you.”)

Complete the following sentence by choosing the phrase with the best word order from the option given.  Those who are not wise  _________.
Ans: d (does not need to be necessarily stupid)

Read the following question and choose the response that uses the correct corresponding verb tense.  Does Jack wear that furry hat often?
Ans: d (No, he only wears it when his ears are cold.)

Choose the series of prepositions that best completes the following sentence.  Charlotte knew ________ the secret investigation ________ her past, but she closed her eyes to it and pretended it happening.
Ans: a (of, about)

Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.  The archaeologists were ______ to discover such a ________ and _______ _________ artifact at that mostly uncovered site.
Ans: b (amazed, rare, incredibly, beautiful)

Choose the series of verbs that best completes the following sentence.  Everyone ________ too busy cooking and _______ the family of bears _______ from woods.
Ans: d (was, setting up, to notice, watching)

Choose the series of articles and conjunctions that best completes the following sentence.  Julia, who is studying to be ________ foreign correspondent, is currently doing ______ internship in ______ Middle East _____ will return before the end of _______ year.
Ans: a {(no article required), an, the, but, the}

Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly?
Ans: b (We are expecting a hurricane this afternoon; therefore we have closed the school early.)

Which of the following sentences illustrates the proper use of commas?  Ans: e (a and b)  Q: Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.  Rhonda says, “I get to work early every day.”
 Ans: c (Rhonda has said that she got to work early every day.)

Which of the following sentences does not illustrates correct pronoun usage?
Ans: e (all are correct)

Which of the following sentences illustrates correct verb and verb tense usage?
 Ans: b, d {(We think the judge will have noticed something strange in her behavior.), (Somehow, all of the newspapers gotten hold the story.)}

Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentences.  Last what ! It’s did you night, over After  Ans: b (After what you did last night, it’s over!)  Q: Change the following sentence from a quotation to indirect speech.  “It may snow tomorrow,” He said.
Ans: d (He said it might snow tomorrow.)

Choose the series of adjectives and adverbs that best completes the following sentence.  The helium _______ balloon rose ________ into the air; the villagers knew then their _______ leader was off on another mission.
 Ans: c (powered, powerfully, powerful)

Rearrange the following words to create the most logical and grammatically correct sentences.  Would I have it anything if had, I you known said would not bother
Ans: b (I would not have said anything if I had known it would bother you)


Odesk Article Writing Test Answer



What is the “useful but incomplete” approach in terms of promoting your product in an online article or so-called e-zine?
Ans:  Making the article useful but leaving it incomplete so the market is enticed but has to follow your link to learn more

What is an “anonoblog”?
Ans:  A blog written and maintained by an anonymous author, often under a pseudonym or pen name

Search engines will return different results depending on the word order of the search terms?
Ans:  True

Ans:  If your website sells golf equipment, your promotional articles should be written about _____________
Ans:  All of the above

What is ‘podcasting’?
Ans:  Distribution of audio and other media files for download to digital music or multimedia players such as iPods

If you write something libellous in a blog, you can still be sued for defamation despite the apparent freedom of expression on the Internet?
Ans:  True

How should you change your writing style ( when writing about the university application process) if you’re writing for student applicants rather than their parents?
Ans:  You must varying the information, your voice, advice, recommendations, so it can be read by both students and parents equally successfully

What distinguishes a blog from a website?
Ans:  Contact details

What is “misinformation”?
Ans:  Information which is misleading or distracting or at least partial wrong

Which of the following are good ways of promoting your business or website and thereby selling your product online?
Ans:  All of the above

What are “Google alerts”?
Ans:  A system where Google e-mails you the results of your pre-arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir you thoughts about writing blog content

Online articles do not need to be cited especially when taken from another online source?
Ans:  False

What is “CEOBlog”?
Ans:  A blog maintained by a Chief Executive Officer

What does the term”spomment” refer to in the blogsphere?
Ans:  Comment spam

How long does an author’s copyright – whether in print or online – last?
Ans:  For 70 years after he/she dies

What are ‘article submission sites’?
Ans:  Sites that help submit articles you have written about your product for online publication so that you don’t have to spend valuable time sending out your articles individually

At what point does a work – whether an online blog or in print – come under copyright?
Ans:  As soon as it is created

Which of the following are good ways of sourcing information for online content such as blog postings?
Ans:  All of the above

If you’re writing an article about the automotive industry, which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?
Ans:  All of the above

What is “blogsphere”?
Ans:  The collective content of the blogs worldwide

What does “‘ping’ your blog” mean?
Ans:  An alert that notifies the original poster of a post when someone else writes an entry concerning the original post

what is a “tag”?
Ans:  A language element, such as a word, often used in blogs to identify the type or types of content that makes up a particular post

What is “blogosphere”?
Ans:  Blog companies that group together and buy smaller blogs

In terms of keywords for promoting a website about global money, which of the following groups would be the best choice?
Ans:  Dollar, yen, pound sterling, exchange rate

Which of the following is the term used for the collective blogging intelligentsia, namely the most influential blogger online by page rank owing to their high traffic count?
Ans:  A & B
a. Glamorati
b. Hoi polloi

Which of the following is not a blogging provider or blogging service available on the web free of cost?
Ans:  Bluehost

State whether True or False
Copyright is available not just for published works but also for works in private use that have not or may never be published.
Ans:  True

What can you do to make your articles more appealing to online readers?
Ans:  All of the above

Is it a good idea to have more than one blog with the same content in order to increase traffic?
Ans: 2. Yes two blogs, even with the same content, will double your traffic

If  you write an article about admission to graduate courses in universities, your target audience is likely to be……..
Ans: c) a range of readers who are thinking of applying for admission to a graduate school.

What are google alerts?
Ans: d) A system where google e-mails you the results of your pre arranged search terms on a regular basis to stir your thoughts about writing blog content.

What is fair use in terms of using someone else’s copyright online?
Ans: a) A system where copyright is exchanged between the original owner and the blogger who co-opts it.

What is autocasting?
Ans: d) An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers to create audio versions of text only blogs using RSS feeds.

Which is the correct order for finding your target audience and selling goods or services to it?
Ans: c) Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales, and identify their interest in your product.

What are blooks?
Ans:  d)All of the above.

When writing an article about safty and light bulbs, which of the following is likely to be your target audience?
Ans: b) Ordinary people involved in home improvement

If you write an article about automotive industry,  which of the following would be the best way of promoting your article?
Ans: a) Adding internal links within your blog that cross reference the article.

What is the term used for the number of times the keyword is used divided by the total word count on the page?
Ans: d) Density of syllables

What are stop words?
Ans: c) Words that are banned on the blogosphere by the blog police

What is the useful but incomplete approach in terms of promoting your product in an online article or so called e-zine?
Ans: c) making the article useful but leaving it incomplete so the market is enticed but has to follow your link to learn more.

In sourcing information you may use materials not subject to copyright such as names common symbols.
Ans: false.

What is open thread?      
Ans: b) all threads that have closed links.

What are FAQs?
Ans: frequenly asked questions.

Which of the following is the term used for the collective blogging intelligentsia, namely the most influential bloggers online by page rank owing to their high traffic count?
Ans: b) hoi polloi.

How long an author does’s copyright-whether in print or online-last?
Ans: For 40 years after he or shedies.

What is blogosphere?
Ans: d) blog companies that group together and buys smaller blogs.

What is placing of keywords in the important parts of a webpage so that search engines may give the priority called?
Ans: keywords prominence

what will happen if you type the  sport basketball in the google search box?
Ans: google will find the web pages about sport that  contain the word basketball.

What is pod casting?
Ans: d) mass email for marketing purposes to promote several blogs at the same time.

SE will return different results depending on the word order of the search terms.
Ans: True

What is affiliate business program?
Ans:b

It's a good idea to create identical content on multiple blogs as this can increase web traffic and get higher listings in search engines.
Ans: a. True    

Which of the following is most likely to guarantee the content on your blog is professional, subject-appropriate and grammatically correct?
Ans: c.  Reading it through before posting      

There's little need to copy text before trying to publish it to the web because you rarely lose the text at the time of publication.
Ans: a.  

If you own a copyright on your own works, you can license your work for reproduction and publication around the world according to place and length of time.
Ans: b.  

What distinguishes a blog from a website?
Ans: d. Contact details      

What is "misinformation"?
Ans: c. Mr. Information      

If your website sells golf equipment, your promotional articles should be written about _________ .
Ans: d. the best clubs to use at certain times    

What is the difference between a "patent" and a "trademark"?
Ans: b. Patents and trademarks are the same; it is copyright that is different      

Which of the following features will increase the likelihood of a reader staying longer on your blog?
Ans: b.Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new site    

What is an "anonoblog"?
Ans: b Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new

What is the reference list to other works placed at the end of an article called?
Ans: c. Original

What does "'ping' your blog" mean?
Ans: d. An alert that notifies the original poster of a post when someone else writes an entry concerning the original

What is a "tag"?
Ans: b. A language element, such as a word, often used in blogs to identify the type or types of content that makes up a particular

Which of the following are good ways of protecting your online content?
Ans: a. Searching for the plagiarists of your content    

Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .
Ans: d. All of the above      

What is a "plagiarism warning banner?"
Ans: b. A banner you place on your site or blog to deter potential plagiarists    

Why is it damaging to have dis functioning or non-functioning(dead)links on your website?
Ans: a. You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so

What are “subsidiary rights” if your blog becomes successful enough to receive an offer of publication in print?
Ans: All secondary rights sold by the agent or publisher, such as volume rights, audio rights, film and T.V. rights, book club rights, paperback rights etc

Why is it damaging to have disfunctioning or non-functioning(dead)links on your website?
Ans: You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so

What are “FAQs”?
Ans: Frequently Asked Questions

It is a good idea to have two blogs with the same content to try and increase traffic?
Ans: No, because search engines will be advised to close down one, if not both, of your blogs

Which is the correct order for finding your target audience and selling good or services to it?
Ans: Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales, identify their interest in your product.

What distinguished a blog from a website?
Ans: Postings that occur according to a timeline that is updated so old posts can be traced

There’s little need to copy text before tying to publish it to the web because you rarely lose the text at the time of publication?
Ans: True

What is a “plagiarism warning banner?”
Ans: A banner you place on your site or blog to deter potential plagiarists

What are the websites “writework.com” and “schoolsucks.com”?
Ans: Websites where students can obtains papers to wrongfully use as their own, often for free

What is “autocasting”?
Ans: An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers (and blog readers) to create audio versions of text-only blogs using RSS feeds

What is “Delicious”?
Ans: A social bookmarking site where users collectively tag favorite links

If you own a copyright on your own works, you can license your work for reproduction and publication around the world according to place and length of time.
Ans:. False

What is ‘placing of keywords in the important parts of a webpage so that search engines may give them priority’ called?
Ans: Keyword prominence

When writing an article about safety and light bulbs, which of the following is likely to be your target audience?
Ans:. All of the above

Why is it sometimes a good idea to create a blog independently with a host other than a free blog hosting service such as the Blogger?
Ans: You can add more intelligent interactivity such as widgets, site design, custom URLs etc

Which of the following is the most effective idea for creating a target audience that returns again and again to your blog?
Ans: Re-read and be your own editor, always removing unnecessary words, and phrases; keep your posting relatively short and post regularly

What is a “newbie”?
Ans: A term – potentially negative – applied to someone new to a discussion or blog

What will happen if your type the words “spot – basketball” in the Google search box?
Ans: Google will find all the web pages containing the words “sport” and “basketball”

Which of the following is most likely to guarantee that the content on your blog is professional, subject-appropriate and grammatically correct?
Ans: Reading it through before posting

It’s a good idea to create identical content on multiple blogs as this can increase web traffic and get higher listings in search engines.
Ans: False

What does “SEO” stand for?
Ans: Search Engine Optimisation

What is a ‘metablog’?
Ans: A blog about a blogging

Blog comments show up in Google searches in addition to the blog posts?
Ans: True

Where did the term ‘blog’ originate?
Ans: An abridgment of the two terms, ‘web’ and ‘log’

What is the reference list to other works placed at the end of an article called?
Ans: Original material

What is the difference between a “patent” and a “trademark”?
Ans: B & D
b. Patents and trademarks are the same; it is copyright that is different
d. A trademark protects a word, device or name that is used for trading goods whereas a patent protects inventions or discoveries

Which of the following is a good approach to planning to write a blog posting?
Ans: Idea, source content, write draft, save, read and edit, post to blog

What will happen if you type the words “sport-basketball” in the Google search box?
Ans:. Google will find the web pages about “sport” that do not contain the word “basketball”

Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .
Ans: All of the above

What are “blooks”?
Ans: Books that are written by bloggers and generally grow out of their blogs

The removal of the copyright tag-line means the work is no longer protected by copyright?
Ans: false

What is a “biz blog”?
Ans: A blog owned and run by a company or corporation

What do we mean when we say an author’s copyright is within ‘the public domain’?
Ans: We mean it is freely available for all, can be copied, reproduced and re-published

Which of the following features will increase the likelihood of a reader staying longer on your blog?
Ans: Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new site

What do you mean by your article being ‘non exclusive’ while selling it online?
Ans: That you can publish it online elsewhere so long as they are ‘non exclusive’

Can you sell your copyright?
Ans: Yes, by licensing it according to territory and time

Which of the following are good ways of protecting your online content?
Ans: Searching for the plagiarists of your content

What is an “affiliate business program”?
Ans: Signing up to be a business partner with another online company to promote each other’s interests and thereby reaching a larger market

What is an ‘open thread’?
Ans: A thread that is open for discussion by those posting to it

If you’re writing an article about applying for admission to graduate courses in universities. Your target audience is likely to be ________.
Ans: A & B
a. 18-year olds
b. Students already in college

What does the term "spomment" refer to in the blogsophere?
Answer : Comment spam

What is the term used for "the number of times the keyword is used divided by the total word count on the page"?
Answer : d. Density of syllables

What is the "useful but incomplete" approach in terms of promoting your product in an online article or so-called e-zine?
Answer : c. making the article useful but leaving it incomplete so the market is enticed but has to follow your link to learn more

Which of the following is the most effective idea for creating a target audience that returns again and again to your blog?
Answer : a. Make individual posting as the more as the information, the better it is

What does "SEO" stand for?
Answer : d. Search Engine Optimization

Which of the following are good ways of sourcing information for online content such as blog postings?
Answer : d. All of the above

Which of the following are most important when optimizing content for search engines?
Answer : c. Adding keywords, tags, metatags and having quality content and regular updating

What is “autocasting”?
Answer : d. An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers (and blog readers) to create audio versions of text-only blogs using RSS feeds

What are “FAQs”?
Answer : d. Frequently Asked Questions

Which of the following are good ways of promoting your business or website and thereby selling your product online?
Answer : e. All of the above

What are “subsidiary rights” if your blog becomes successful enough to receive an offer of publication in print?
Ans: All secondary rights sold by the agent or publisher, such as volume rights, audio rights, film and T.V. rights, book club rights, paperback rights etc

Why is it damaging to have disfunctioning or non-functioning(dead)links on your website?
Ans: You cannot prevent people from reaching the destination without doing so

What are “FAQs”?
Ans: Frequently Asked Questions

It is a good idea to have two blogs with the same content to try and increase traffic?
Ans: No, because search engines will be advised to close down one, if not both, of your blogs

Which is the correct order for finding your target audience and selling good or services to it?
Ans: Have a business plan, identify your audience type and their level of expertise, design a strategy for drawing them to your site with greater interest in your product, make sales, identify their interest in your product.

What distinguished a blog from a website?
Ans: Postings that occur according to a timeline that is updated so old posts can be traced

There’s little need to copy text before tying to publish it to the web because you rarely lose the text at the time of publication?
Ans: True

What is a “plagiarism warning banner?”
Ans: A banner you place on your site or blog to deter potential plagiarists

What are the websites “writework.com” and “schoolsucks.com”?
Ans: Websites where students can obtains papers to wrongfully use as their own, often for free

What is “autocasting”?
Ans: An automated form of podcasting that allows bloggers (and blog readers) to create audio versions of text-only blogs using RSS feeds

What is “Delicious”?
Ans: A social bookmarking site where users collectively tag favorite links

If you own a copyright on your own works, you can license your work for reproduction and publication around the world according to place and length of time.
Ans: False

What is ‘placing of keywords in the important parts of a webpage so that search engines may give them priority’ called?
Ans: Keyword prominence

When writing an article about safety and light bulbs, which of the following is likely to be your target audience?
Ans: All of the above

Why is it sometimes a good idea to create a blog independently with a host other than a free blog hosting service such as the Blogger?
Ans: You can add more intelligent interactivity such as widgets, site design, custom URLs etc

Which of the following is the most effective idea for creating a target audience that returns again and again to your blog?
Ans:. Re-read and be your own editor, always removing unnecessary words, and phrases; keep your posting relatively short and post regularly

What is a “newbie”?
Ans: A term – potentially negative – applied to someone new to a discussion or blog

What will happen if your type the words “spot – basketball” in the Google search box?
Ans: Google will find all the web pages containing the words “sport” and “basketball”

Which of the following is most likely to guarantee that the content on your blog is professional, subject-appropriate and grammatically correct?
Ans: Reading it through before posting

It’s a good idea to create identical content on multiple blogs as this can increase web traffic and get higher listings in search engines.
Ans: False

What does “SEO” stand for?
Ans: Search Engine Optimisation

What is a ‘metablog’?
Ans: A blog about a blogging

Blog comments show up in Google searches in addition to the blog posts?
Ans: True

Where did the term ‘blog’ originate?
Ans: An abridgment of the two terms, ‘web’ and ‘log’

What is the reference list to other works placed at the end of an article called?
Ans: Original material

What is the difference between a “patent” and a “trademark”?
Ans: B & D
b. Patents and trademarks are the same; it is copyright that is different
d. A trademark protects a word, device or name that is used for trading goods whereas a patent protects inventions or discoveries

Which of the following is a good approach to planning to write a blog posting?
Ans: Idea, source content, write draft, save, read and edit, post to blog

What will happen if you type the words “sport-basketball” in the Google search box?
Ans: Google will find the web pages about “sport” that do not contain the word “basketball”

Fooling the search engines with link farms, keyword stuffing, cloaking or alt text spamming is not a good idea because _____________________ .
Ans: All of the above

What are “blooks”?
Ans: Books that are written by bloggers and generally grow out of their blogs

The removal of the copyright tag-line means the work is no longer protected by copyright?
Ans: false

What is a “biz blog”?
Ans: A blog owned and run by a company or corporation

What do we mean when we say an author’s copyright is within ‘the public domain’?
Ans: We mean it is freely available for all, can be copied, reproduced and re-published

Which of the following features will increase the likelihood of a reader staying longer on your blog?
Ans: Using external links to generate the new page as a pop-up window rather than going directly to the new site

What do you mean by your article being ‘non exclusive’ while selling it online?
Ans: That you can publish it online elsewhere so long as they are ‘non exclusive’

Can you sell your copyright?
Ans: Yes, by licensing it according to territory and time

Which of the following are good ways of protecting your online content?
Ans: Searching for the plagiarists of your content

What is an “affiliate business program”?
Ans: Signing up to be a business partner with another online company to promote each other’s interests and thereby reaching a larger market

What is an ‘open thread’?
Ans: A thread that is open for discussion by those posting to it

If you’re writing an article about applying for admission to graduate courses in universities. Your target audience is likely to be ________.
Ans: A & B
a. 18-year olds
b. Students already in college